Judge’s Court is a 300 year old ancestral cottage

Journal Edge

Judge’s Court is a 300 year old ancestral cottage Situated at an altitude of 2000 ft. In the Kangra region, Himachal Pradesh, Pragpur is a well-known heritage village that holds a lot of religious, historical and cultural significance. The first heritage village of the country was established somewhere in the 17th century by Kuthiala sub-caste of the Sood community that resided in the region. It has been restored with painstaking attention to original techniques but with the introduction of modern plumbing and lighting. Alongside this ancestral cottage is a large country manor designed in the Indo-European tradition – set amidst 12 acres of orchards overlooking the Dauladhar Mountains – built in 1918 by Bhandhari Ram for his son, Justice Sir Jai Lal. The property was therefore commonly referred to as Judge Sahib Ki Kothi and the name of The WelcomHeritage Judge’s Court stuck. The village of Pragpur was classified as…

View original post 53 more words


The World’s Largest Solar Energy Office Building

Journal Edge

China is currently home to the world’s largest solar energy building, named the “Sun Dial”. It opened in Shandong Province in north China in 2010. It has a total area of 75,000 square meters and has been constructed keeping green ideas in mind.This vast fan-shaped compound in China is the “largest solar-powered office building in the world”. Located in Dezhou in the Shangdong Province in northwest China, the 75,000 square meter structure is a multi-use building and features exhibition centers, scientific research facilities, meeting and training facilities, and a hotel – all of which run on solar power.The design of the new building is based on the sun dial and “underlines the urgency of seeking renewable energy sources to replace fossil fuels.” Aside from the obvious sustainable nature of the solar panel – clad exterior, other green features include advanced roof and wall insulation practices resulting in an energy savings…

View original post 31 more words

The Jungle book – An American fantasy adventure film directed by Jon Favreau, written by Justin Marks and produced by Walt Disney Pictures.

Journal Edge

Image Credit: news. usa.extra. hu

The Jungle Book is a 2016 American fantasy adventure film directed by Jon Favreau, written by Justin Marks and produced by Walt Disney Pictures. The Jungle Book stars and introduces Neel Sethi as Mowgli, an orphaned human boy who, guided by his animal guardians, sets out on a journey of self-discovery while evading the threatening Shere Khan. The film also features the voices of Bill Murray, Ben Kingsley, Idris Elba, Lupita Nyong’o, Scarlett Johansson, Giancarlo Esposito and Christopher Walken.

About the author
Joseph Rudyard Kipling was born in India in 1865. He travelled widely during his life, living in England, India, the United States and South Africa. During his second visit to India, from 1882 to 1889, he worked as a journalist, keeping exhaustive notes about life in that country. These notes became the basis of many books, including the children’s story The Jungle Book.Kipling…

View original post 63 more words

Barack Obama -the 44th President of the United States of America.

Journal Edge

Barack Obama is the 44th President of the United States of America. He  is also the winner of the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize. He made history in 2008  when  he  won  the  U.S.  presidential  election.  He  is  the  first  African American  to  be  President.  Obama’s  charisma,  intelligence,  and  powerful  speeches  have  made  him  extremely  popular  with  many  Americans.  He has been very successful with his message for change. Obama  was  born  in  Hawaii  in  1961  to  a  black  Kenyan  father  and  white  American  mother. He attended schools in Jakarta until he was ten years old, when he returned to Hawaii. Obama majored in political science and international relations at Columbia University in New York. He attended schools in Jakarta until he was ten years old, when he returned to Hawaii. Obama majored in political science and international relations  at Columbia University in New York. In 2004, Obama was elected…

View original post 45 more words

शिव तांडव स्तोत्रम् – Shiv Tandav Stotram

Journal Edge

शिव तांडव स्तोत्रम्

||सार्थशिवताण्डवस्तोत्रम् ||

||श्रीगणेशाय नमः ||

जटा टवी गलज्जल प्रवाह पावितस्थले, गलेवलम्ब्य लम्बितां भुजङ्ग तुङ्ग मालिकाम् |

डमड्डमड्डमड्डमन्निनाद वड्डमर्वयं, चकार चण्डताण्डवं तनोतु नः शिवः शिवम् ||१||

जटा कटा हसंभ्रम भ्रमन्निलिम्प निर्झरी, विलो लवी चिवल्लरी विराजमान मूर्धनि |

धगद् धगद् धगज्ज्वलल् ललाट पट्ट पावके किशोर चन्द्र शेखरे रतिः प्रतिक्षणं मम ||२||


धरा धरेन्द्र नंदिनी विलास बन्धु बन्धुरस् फुरद् दिगन्त सन्तति प्रमोद मानमानसे |

कृपा कटाक्ष धोरणी निरुद्ध दुर्धरापदि क्वचिद् दिगम्बरे मनो विनोदमेतु वस्तुनि ||३||


लता भुजङ्ग पिङ्गलस् फुरत्फणा मणिप्रभा कदम्ब कुङ्कुमद्रवप् रलिप्तदिग्व धूमुखे |

मदान्ध सिन्धुरस् फुरत् त्वगुत्तरीयमे दुरे मनो विनोद मद्भुतं बिभर्तु भूतभर्तरि ||४||


सहस्र लोचनप्रभृत्य शेष लेखशेखर प्रसून धूलिधोरणी विधूस राङ्घ्रि पीठभूः |

भुजङ्ग राजमालया निबद्ध जाटजूटक श्रियै चिराय जायतां चकोर बन्धुशेखरः ||५||


ललाट चत्वरज्वलद् धनञ्जयस्फुलिङ्गभा निपीत पञ्चसायकं नमन्निलिम्प नायकम् |

सुधा मयूखले खया विराजमानशेखरं महाकपालिसम्पदे शिरोज टालमस्तु नः ||६||


कराल भाल पट्टिका धगद् धगद् धगज्ज्वल द्धनञ्जयाहुती कृतप्रचण्ड पञ्चसायके |

धरा धरेन्द्र…

View original post 190 more words

Simhastha Kumbh – An unrivalled celebration in India.

Journal Edge

Image Credit: ercotravels. com

 The name Kumbh Mela literally means “kumbha fair”. It is known as Kumbh in Hindi ; in Sanskrit and some other Indian languages, it is more often known by its original name “Kumbha”. The Kumbh mela at Ujjain going on a prestigious baths and Ujjain kumbh is also called as Simhast kumbh, while a planet is in Leo ; in this case, it is also known as Simhastha.  The Kumbh mela at Ujjain is held at the banks of the river Shipra. The Simhastha is special in Ujjain as it is the seat of divine Mahakal – the Lord of all times. The ritual of bathing in the holy waters of shipra begins on the full moon day of the Hindu month of Chaitra (March-April) and continues on various dates until the full moon shows up in the following month of Vaishakha. According to medieval Hindu…

View original post 141 more words

India’s tourism management system and their respective advantages

Tourism is one of the pillar industries in India; they have accumulated a set of more perfect and mature management system in travel agency and operation mechanism. The current development of India’s travel industry still has a lot of room for improvement. Referencing and learning travel agency industry management experience of India will promote our tourism industry management process. The study focuses on the difference of the India’s tourism management system and their respective advantages of management. Then it puts forward corresponding suggestions according to the present situation of the development of travel industry of the India, and provides reference for the travel industry management and the organization system innovation. Regarded as an economic and social activity, tourism represents, through its content and role, a distinct field of activity, a highly important component of the economic and social life in a growing number of countries, and implicitly in our own country. Tourism is a specific phenomenon in modern civilization and it is deeply rooted in the life of the society and, as such, it has influenced its evolution. Thus, being responsive to the dynamic changes in contemporary civilization, tourism evolves under their impact, joining the general process of development. Tourism also acts as a stimulating factor for the progress and evolution given the vast human and material potential engaged in its development and given the beneficial effects on the area of interference. The tourism and hospitality industry is currently one of the most important industries worldwide. India takes full advantage of highly favorable and more than adequate conditions for the development of different forms of tourism. This context encompasses the efforts of specialists to rigorously and scientifically define the categorize system integrated to tourism, its inter-dependencies with other parts of the economy and to quantify its effects. In many developing countries, tourism is widely accepted as a way to contribute to economic development, job opportunities and foreign revenues. Due to these factors tourism worldwide has developed rapidly in the last decades. The advantages of tourism and the live examples from different parts of the world encourage countries with adequate resources to find out the ways of conducting efforts aiming sustainability in this area because sustainability can be easily connected to almost all kinds and scales of tourism activities and environments. On the other hand, tourism in developing countries is also considered as a growing environmental concern because of its affect on seasonality, lack of suitable infrastructures and planning. The travel agencies are defined as a firm qualified to arrange for travel-related retail services on behalf of various tourism industry principals. With the evolution of the internet, the use of on-line search facilities for travel information has provided additional sources of information and opportunities to purchase travel direct from suppliers such as airlines and accommodation providers without recourse to travel agents and in some instances at discounts to prices available through travel agencies by eliminating commissions for such agents . Furthermore, the capacity of the internet to promote and provide information conveniently and quickly has offered alternatives to physical visits by consumers to travel agencies in order to access such information. Friends and relatives were regarded as an important source of information in the selection of travel agencies. Travelers suggested that they interact regularly and continuously with friends and relatives, who might have significant influence on their attitudes and behaviors. Furthermore, pressures for conformity might exist that affect the actual travel agency choices. As such, travel agencies should be aware of this social factor and acknowledge the fact that it could determine how consumers were to select their travel agencies.

The Internet appears to be playing a role in the re-structuring of some traditional business sectors in which some organizations profit and some decline. Travel agencies are being subjected to increased competition from virtual on-line travel agencies. These agencies do not possess the traditional retail outlets but exist predominantly on the Web. In addition, airline companies and travel wholesalers are beginning to market their products directly to the consumer. Travel agencies and tour operators play an intermediary role linking producers of travel services (e.g. air passenger transport, accommodation, etc) to consumers. Generally, travel agency and tour arrangement services can be regarded as a type of distributive services where the underlying products sold are travel services. In pricing this type of services, one faces two important issues similar to that in pricing distributive services in selling goods, i.e. how to measure margin prices when they are not directly observable, and how to treat quality change and adjustment. Travel agencies and tour operators provide reservation and booking services, arranging and assembling tours, tour retailing and wholesaling services, transport ticket wholesaling services, and other services related to distribution of travel services. Travel agencies and tour operators act as intermediaries in distributing travel services on behalf of producers of the services. In some cases, they also provide add-on services such as travel management. Travel agencies and tour operators derive their revenues primarily from fees or commission paid by producers of the original services, or by charging customers fees or a mark-up amount on top of the purchase cost of the original services. Therefore, travel agency and tour arrangement activities can be regarded as a type of distributive services or margin services (in selling travel services). The outputs of these activities can be measured as gross margin. Growing online travel agency services, in particular online booking and reservation services, led to increasing competition in the industry and decreasing market share of traditional bricks-and-mortar shopfront travel agencies. However, there is some evidence that traditional shop front travel agencies are adapting in the age of online retail by offering both traditional shop front services and online services.

Ranthambore National Park – Project Tiger

Ranthambore National Park is in Sawai Madhopur District of Rajasthan state.Located at the junction of the Aravalli and Vindhya hill range, this is one of the finest places to view animals, especially as they are used to being stared at here.The park covers an area of Approximately 400 sq Km and if combined it with the area of sawai man singh sanctuary area,it is around 500 Sq km. Ranthambore national park was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1957 and in 1974 it gained the protection of “Project Tiger”. It got it’s status of a National Park in 1981.The scenery changes dramatically from gentle and steep slopes of the Vindhyas and sharp and conical hills of the Aravali. A tenth century fort also blends amicably with the background. Pure sands of Dhok (Anogeissus pendula) interspersed with grasslands at the plateaus, meadows in valleys and luxuriant foliage around the canals make the jungle. Three big lakes – Padam Talab (meaning Lake), Malik Talab and Raj Bagh – are similar turquoises studded in the vast forest that abounds with aquatic vegetation including duckweeds, lilies and lotus.

The main food source for the tiger is the swamp deer like Barasinsga and on occasion the wild buffalo and also wild boar etc. If you wish to stay near the park, the facilities on offer are superb. The park gates open a half hour before sunrise and close half hour after sunset. The timings are vigorously imposed and no exceptions are made to this rule.A significant geological feature within the park is the ‘Great Boundary Fault’ where the Vindhaya plateau meets the Aravali range. The Rivers Chambal in the South and the Banas in the North bound the National Park. The park is dotted with steep rocky hills and the dominating architecture of Ranthambore Fort (built in the 10th century), adds to its landscape. The rugged park terrain alternates between dry deciduous forest, open grassy meadow, dotted by several lakes and rivers that are only made passable by rough roads built and maintained by the Forest Service.The tiger is not the only attraction at Ranthambore although it is the one park resident that people come to see. A variety of birds including Owlets, the ubiquitous Langur (monkey), Leopard, Caracal, Hyena, Jackal, Jungle Cat, marsh Crocodiles, Wild Boar, Bears and various species of Deer are the other attractions.

Morphological effects of Adventure tourist arrivals in India

Tourism is the act of travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes and refers to the provision of services in support of this act. Tourists are people who travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year – for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited. Definitions of adventure tourism have traditionally centered on adventure recreation.

Adventure Tourism is a fast developing niche sector of the tourism industry which is arguably poorly defined and lacking solid empirical focus. Adventure travelers often seek unique or new travel destinations and activities. It is often believed that a percentage of this sector is willing to accept limited tourism infrastructure with the promise of an exceptional, authentic experience. This Article  reports that explored one aspect of the outdoor adventure tourism sector: extreme sports, The term extreme sports has become a descriptor for a multitude of non-traditional, independent and organized alternative sports. The information in this Article may provide guidance for destination management organizations and firms involved in marketing as well as product development. It may be especially useful to destination management organizations or state/ regional tourism offices seeking to build or enhance their adventure offerings or adventure tourism operators seeking to understand their target market.

Activities requiring high level training, personal skills and commitment such as Base jumping, rope free climbing and  waterfall kayaking are assumed to be in the same category as those requiring no participant skills or dedication and little prior knowledge of the activity such as commercial rafting, low-level trekking, bungee jumping and single pitch climbing. Extreme sports are traditionally associated with risk-takers or ‘adrenalin junkies’.

Hard adventure includes trekking, climbing (mountain, rock and ice) and caving. These activities are high risk and require a high level of specialized skill. Unsurprisingly, these represented small percentages of the population but still uncovered a sizable market. The number of soft adventure departures represents a substantial percentage of trips worldwide. An adventure may be further defined as the “deliberate seeking of risk and uncertainty of outcome only in outdoor adventure pursuits is there a deliberate inclusion of activities that may contain threat to an individual’s health or life. Adventure tourism is a growing subset of the tourism market which seeks activities and programs where there may be a perception that the outcomes are uncertain.

Adventure tourism may be defined as “commercially operated activities involving a combination of adventure and excitement pursued in an outdoor environment incorporate a broad spectrum of activities ranging from high-risk adventure activities  to low risk ones. While this uncertainty may be appealing to the consumer of adventure tourism, the reality today of high public liability insurance premiums and consumers’ awareness of their contractual rights, is that many adventure tourism products have very certain outcomes as the programs and processes are heavily managed to ensure the quality of the product and the safety of the participant. To do otherwise may be to risk the very future of the organization.

This Article  has provided information on how the marketing management is possible and integrated to become a major destination in the nature and adventure tourist market in India and what it needs to do to attract more tourists to the tourism world of India.

Shanidev – The son of Lord Surya

” Om nilanjana samabhasam | Ravi putram yamagrajam ||

Cahaya martanda samhubhutam | Tama namami Shanescharam||”


I bow to Lord Shani, who is black in colour and son of Sun and born to Chaya and brother of Yama , who moves very slowly.

Shani is is a son of Lord Surya. He is generally depicted in dark complexion, clothed in black. Shri Shani Mahatmya describes the story of Shani’s life. Shani Maharaj is a great devotee of Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu. In Sanskrit Shani is called Sanischara, which means, “slow mover”. Shani spends 2.5 years (Dhaiya) in each rashi. When we add the 2.5 years in previous and 2.5 years in next rashi together, the time period of 7.5 years is called Saadesaati, and the person faces challenging time during the period.